Despite the fact that the first centuries of our era are considered to be dark, we owe the departed civilizations not only for the cultural heritage left to us, but also for the amazing inventions we use to this day: for example, paper, water supply, sewerage , elevators and even soap! Yes, yes, it is soap. Indeed, despite the seemingly unhygienic nature of their time, the ancients actively used various cosmetic and perfumery products in everyday life.
According to scientists, about 6000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians developed and wrote down the secrets of soap production on papyrus.
But either the papyruses were lost, or the secrets of soap making were lost, and already in Ancient Greece the method of producing soap was not known. Therefore, the Greeks had nothing left but to clean their bodies with sand.
The prototype of the soap that we use now, according to one of the versions, was borrowed from the wild Gallic tribes. As the Roman scholar Pliny the Elder testifies, the Gauls mixed lard and a wooden hall, thus obtaining a special ointment.
For a long time, soap remained an attribute of luxury, but even very wealthy people of their time did not have the opportunity to wash clothes with soap — this was already too expensive.
Now the choice of varieties of soap is not broad as an example, and the price tag on it is very loyal, so many people can buy soap, including for washing clothes.
However, following a specific recipe and technology, absolutely anyone can also cook it.
Those who do not boil soap for the first time know that it is better to use fat and lye to produce it. Also, the basis for the soap can be purchased in the store. Well, for beginners mylovarov as a basis perfectly suited baby soap.
Ingredients and proportions in this case will be as follows:
- baby soap - 2 pieces (each piece weighs 90 g),
- olive oil (you can also use almond, cedar, sea buckthorn, etc.) - 5 tablespoons,
- boiling water - 100 milliliters,
- glycerin - 2 tablespoons,
- additional additives - at the discretion.
Soap preparation recipe:
Soap is rubbed on the grater (always fine). To feel comfortable, it is better to do it in a respiratory mask.
At this time, glycerin and the oil you use is poured into the pan. The pot must be placed in a steam bath and the oil heated.
In this substance, begin to pour chips, alternating with the addition of boiling water and not stopping stir.
All lumps that remain, you need to knead, bringing the mixture to a state of homogeneous mass.
After that, the saucepan with the contents is removed from the heat and ingredients are added to it, which everyone considers appropriate to add. It can be essential oils, salt, herbs, oatmeal, various seeds, coconut, honey, clay. They will determine the properties, aroma and color range of soap.
After that, it is necessary to decompose the soap in the molds (for children or for baking), having previously treated them with oil. After the soap has cooled, it must be removed from the molds, put on paper and left to dry for 2-3 days.
To the soap was not only fragrant, but also rich in color, you can add natural dyes to it:
- dry milk or white clay can give a white color;
- beet juice will give a nice pink hue;
- carrot or sea buckthorn juice will make the soap orange.
The most frequently repeated mistake of newly minted soap makers is the addition of an excess of essential oils that can lead to skin allergies.
If soap is made for a child, then it is better to exclude all kinds of oils from its composition. But if you overdo it with herbs, they will scratch the skin and cause irritation.
But real professionalism in any business comes only with experience, so go ahead, experiment and succeed!