Nowadays, and especially in a metropolis, even good nutrition does not provide the expectant mother with the “kit” of vitamins that are needed for the development of the baby and the normal course of pregnancy. According to statistics, vitamin deficiency is noted in 7-8 expectant mothers out of 10.
To protect yourself and your baby from problems associated with a lack of vitamins, you can through the intake of vitamin complexes.
The main thing is to know what to drink, in what dosage and at what time.
- What vitamins are especially helpful during pregnancy?
- Pharmacy multivitamins for pregnant women
- Vitamins and features of pregnancy
What vitamins are especially useful during pregnancy for the future mother and fetus?
A balanced diet is the basis of the basics, and you cannot move a step beyond the normal diet.
But the need for some vitamins in the expectant mother is always increasing, and not all of them can be scooped from the products (especially in toxicosis). Before you buy in the pharmacy all that fits the occasion, should see a doctor.
Only an expert will be able to say for sure which vitamins will be superfluous, and which cannot be avoided. Remember that an excess of vitamins can be even more dangerous than their deficiency!
Especially useful vitamins - without what the expectant mother can not do?
In the 1st trimester:
- Folic acid. It should be drunk already at the stage when you are just planning a baby. As a last resort - right after you saw the long-awaited (or unexpected) "2 red stripes". A timely intake of vitamin B9 - is the prevention of hypovitaminosis, protection from accidental damage to the spine in the crumbs, a "brick" in the construction of the psyche of the future baby. The lack of B9 is fraught with developmental defects. What products to look for: beef and chicken livers, spinach and lentils, asparagus. Daily dose - 400-600 mg. Important: green tea significantly reduces the digestibility of B9!
- Pyridoxine. One of the main assistants in relieving nausea, reducing nervousness and eliminating muscle spasms and cramps. And from the 8th week of pregnancy, vitamin B6 is also needed for the fetus to develop the central nervous system.
- Vitamin A. It is an important component for the growth of the fetus, the development of vision, the skeleton and the nervous system. Important: overdosing is fraught with heart disease and problems in the children's nervous system! What products to look for: fish oil and liver, as well as vegetables / fruits in red / orange colors. Remember that vitamin A (as fat soluble) should be seized with sour cream or yogurt.
In the 2nd trimester:
- Vitamin D. The child's body is almost created, and substances for the growth of bone tissue and the heart, as well as for the prevention of rickets, are urgently needed for the rapid, beginning growth of the fetus. In addition, this vitamin contributes to the proper distribution of calcium with phosphorus. In the summer, it is quite possible to do without vitamin D (it is produced in the body independently), but in the winter, when there is a shortage of sunshine, it must be taken. What products to look for: fish oil, red fish, egg yolk, milk and butter.
- Tocopherol. This vitamin contributes to the correct work of the placenta, which with its aging often becomes the cause of miscarriage. In addition, vitamin E is needed for metabolism and will not interfere at the planning stage to balance the monthly cycle. What products to look for: oils, peas, wild rose, tomatoes.
- Iodine. Usually it is prescribed in the first half of pregnancy, unless, of course, there is no thyroid disease in the history. Iodine is needed for metabolism, prevention of rapid weight gain, weakness, brittle hair, etc. What products to look for: sea salt, algae (including dried), sea fish. Daily dose - 200 mg.
In the 3rd trimester:
- And again pyridoxine. During this period, the fetus is growing rapidly, which contributes to the appearance of edema. Vitamin B6 will help prevent puffiness.
- Iron. With its deficiency, there is a decrease in uterine tone, the appearance of muscle weakness and the development of anemia. In which products to look for: veal, fish and chicken eggs, as well as pork with beef, turkey and rabbit meat. Less tea and coffee - they reduce the intensity of iron absorption. If you drink it with natural juice (vitamin C will accelerate its absorption). Daily dose - 30 mg.
- Vitamin C. It is necessary in the 1st and 3rd trimesters for the full development of the placenta, protection of maternal immunity, the formation of fetal / egg shells. In which products to look for: citrus and sauerkraut, greens and potatoes, black currants.
- Calcium. Any mother knows about the need for this element - it is necessary for the proper development of the kidneys and the child's skeleton. You can, of course, put on a curd with sour cream and cabbage, but you cannot get as much calcium in the right amount anyway - you should take it extra. Important: coffee and carbonated drinks prevent the full absorption of the element, go to other drinks. Daily dose - 250 mg.
- Vitamin Eneed a future mother to the birth, as well as calcium and iron. But they should be taken separately.
- Vitamin C promotes better absorption of iron.
- Zinc with copper not worth taking with iron.
- Vitamin D improve calcium absorption.
And the most important thing - Do not prescribe yourself vitamins! Contact your doctor and strictly follow the regimen.
How to choose a multivitamin for a pregnant woman?
Vitamin complexes in modern pharmacies so much that the eyes diverge.
What complex to take?
Well, of course the one that your doctor prescribes you!
As for the most correct complex, it should contain:
- 250 mg of calcium.
- 750 mcg of vitamin A.
- 30 mg of iron.
- 5 mcg of vitamin D.
- 400 mcg of folic acid.
- 50 mg of vitamin C.
- 15 mg of zinc.
- 2.6 μg B12 and 2 mg of pyridoxine.
Higher dosages - a reason to be wary (listed enough for prevention).
What else needs to be remembered?
- Iodine mother appointed separately.Norm - 200 mg.
- The maximum dose of vitamin A- this is 4000 IU. Excess dose provides a toxic effect.
- Calcium is taken separately.And even at another time, so as not to disturb the absorption of each drug.
- Avoid dietary supplements. The requirements for them, as you know, are underestimated, and the exact dosages of the substances present are not fully verified, therefore be careful!
In what cases is taking vitamin complexes recommended, and even mandatory?
- In the absence of proper regular nutrition.
- With previous diseases that are associated with a deficiency of B12 or iron.
- For future mothers aged 30.
- With low immunity.
- In the event that a past pregnancy was interrupted or ended in miscarriage.
- In the pathologies of the digestive or cardiovascular systems.
- With a cold or an infectious disease during pregnancy.
- In the case of multiple pregnancies.
- With any abnormal development of a previous pregnancy.
Vitamins - and features of pregnancy
With an excess and deficiency of vitamins, we figured out.
It remains to recall only the special cases associated with taking vitamins during the "interesting situation":
- If you are a vegetarian and, even more so, a veganthen without additional intake of vitamins can not do. You need fats, vitamin B12 and vitamin D, as well as folic acid, iodine and iron.
- If you have a milk intolerance, then this product should be reimbursed with soy milk, lactose-free dairy products or calcium tablets.
- If you have frequent vomitingVitamin B6, which should be taken after a meal, will help ease its intensity.
- If you live in a sunny region or wear a hijab, be sure to include in your diet vitamin D3.
- If you are an athleteit is quite possible that you have a decrease in blood sugar. That, in turn, leads to a deterioration in the quality of assimilation of the necessary substances by your crumb. Therefore, carbohydrates should be increased in the diet, and sports mixes should be postponed until better times (they can be toxic to the fetus due to high dosages).
- If you are waiting for 2 (or more) kids right away, then you need additional vitamins: B6 - 2 mg / day, iron and, of course, folic acid (1 mg / day).